What is Operating Income?

Operating Income

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Operating Income

Operating income, also known as operating profit or operating earnings, is a measure of the profit a company earns from its core business operations, before deducting interest and taxes. It provides an indication of a company’s operational efficiency and profitability.

Operating income is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold (COGS), operating expenses, and depreciation from a company’s gross income.

Here’s the formula:

Operating Income = Gross Income – (COGS + Operating Expenses + Depreciation)

Here’s what each element means:

The operating income gives an indication of how well a company is managed and how efficient it is at producing and selling goods or services. It is often used by investors and analysts as a benchmark to compare the performance of companies within the same industry.

Example of Operating Income

Let’s consider a hypothetical tech company called “InnovateX”. Here’s a simplified version of their income statement for the year:

  • Gross Income (total revenue): $10,000,000
  • Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): $2,000,000
  • Operating Expenses: $3,000,000
  • Depreciation: $500,000

We can calculate the Operating Income using the formula:

Operating Income = Gross Income – (COGS + Operating Expenses + Depreciation)

Let’s substitute the numbers:

Operating Income = $10,000,000 – ($2,000,000 + $3,000,000 + $500,000)


Operating Income = $10,000,000 – $5,500,000


Operating Income = $4,500,000

So, InnovateX has an operating income of $4,500,000. This suggests that after accounting for the costs directly related to producing its products (COGS), operating expenses (like rent, salaries, utilities), and the depreciation of its assets, InnovateX generated a profit of $4.5 million from its core business operations.

Please note, however, this is a simplified example, and actual corporate financial statements can be more complex.

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