What is Accounting Income?

Accounting Income

Share This...

Accounting Income

Accounting income, also known as net income or net earnings, is a financial metric that measures a company’s profitability during a specific period of time. It is calculated by subtracting a company’s total expenses from its total revenues, as reported on the income statement.

Accounting income is an important figure for investors, creditors, and other stakeholders as it provides insights into the company’s ability to generate profits from its operations. It is also used to calculate various financial ratios and metrics, such as earnings per share (EPS) and return on equity (ROE), to assess a company’s financial performance and compare it with other companies in the same industry.

Here’s a simplified formula for calculating accounting income:

Accounting Income = Total Revenues – Total Expenses

Total Revenues: These include all the money a company earns from its core business activities, such as sales of goods or services, as well as other income sources, like interest or dividends received from investments.

Total Expenses: These include all the costs a company incurs during its operations, such as the cost of goods sold (COGS), operating expenses (like salaries, rent, and utilities), depreciation and amortization, interest expenses, and income taxes.

It’s important to note that accounting income is based on the accrual accounting method, which recognizes revenues and expenses when they are earned or incurred, rather than when cash is received or paid. This method provides a more accurate picture of a company’s financial performance during a specific period, as it matches revenues and expenses to the period in which they are related.

Example of Accounting Income

Let’s consider a hypothetical example of a company called “HealthyBites Inc.” that manufactures and sells organic snacks. Here’s a simplified income statement for HealthyBites Inc. for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023:

HealthyBites Inc. Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2023



  • Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): $250,000
  • Salaries and Wages: $120,000
  • Rent Expense: $30,000
  • Utilities Expense: $10,000
  • Depreciation Expense: $15,000
  • Interest Expense: $5,000
  • Income Tax Expense: $25,000 Total Expenses: $455,000

To calculate the accounting income for HealthyBites Inc., we subtract the total expenses from the total revenues:

Accounting Income = Total Revenues – Total Expenses Accounting Income = $502,000 – $455,000 Accounting Income = $47,000

HealthyBites Inc.’s accounting income for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023, is $47,000. This means that the company generated a net profit of $47,000 during the year after accounting for all its revenues and expenses. The accounting income provides valuable information to stakeholders about the company’s profitability and financial performance during the specified period.

Other Posts You'll Like...

Want to Pass as Fast as Possible?

(and avoid failing sections?)

Watch one of our free "Study Hacks" trainings for a free walkthrough of the SuperfastCPA study methods that have helped so many candidates pass their sections faster and avoid failing scores...