A bank draft, also known as a banker’s draft or bank check, is a payment instrument issued by a bank on behalf of its customer, guaranteeing the payee (the person or organization receiving the payment) that the funds are available and will be paid upon the draft’s presentation. Bank drafts are a secure method of payment, as they are drawn against the bank’s own funds rather than the customer’s account, reducing the risk of insufficient funds or bounced checks.
To obtain a bank draft, a customer must have sufficient funds in their account or provide the bank with cash. The bank then withdraws the specified amount and issues a bank draft payable to the designated payee. The draft can be presented to the payee, who can deposit or cash it at their bank. Since the draft is guaranteed by the issuing bank, the payee can be confident that the funds will be available upon deposit or cashing.
Bank drafts are commonly used for large transactions, such as purchasing a car, real estate, or other high-value items, where the security and certainty of payment are important for both the payer and the payee. It is important to note that a fee may be charged by the bank for issuing a bank draft.
Example of a Bank Draft
Let’s consider an example of using a bank draft for a car purchase.
Imagine you’re buying a used car from a private seller, and the agreed-upon price is $15,000. The seller wants a secure method of payment, and you both agree that a bank draft would be appropriate for this transaction.
- First, you go to your bank, where you have an account with sufficient funds to cover the cost of the car. You request a bank draft for $15,000, payable to the seller.
- The bank verifies that you have the necessary funds in your account and then deducts the $15,000 from your account balance. The bank may also charge you a small fee for issuing the bank draft.
- The bank issues a bank draft for $15,000, made payable to the seller. This draft is essentially a guarantee from the bank that the funds are available and will be paid to the seller upon presentation of the draft.
- You provide the bank draft to the seller, who can now be confident that the payment is secure, as it is backed by the bank. The seller can deposit the bank draft into their account, and their bank will collect the funds from the issuing bank.
In this example, the bank draft provides a secure and guaranteed form of payment for both the buyer and the seller, facilitating a smooth transaction for the purchase of the car.