# What is the Total Shareholder Return?

## Total Shareholder Return

Total Shareholder Return (TSR) is a measure used to compare the performance of different stocks or to compare the performance of a particular stock against a benchmark or industry average. TSR captures both the change in the stock price over a given period and the dividends paid during that period, which assumes that dividends are reinvested in the stock.

In essence, TSR provides a comprehensive picture of the stock’s overall financial yield to shareholders over a specific period.

The formula to calculate TSR is:

TSR = Ending stock price + Dividends received − Beginning stock price / Beginning stock price × 100%

This will give the total return as a percentage.

## Example of the Total Shareholder Return

Let’s walk through a detailed example to understand Total Shareholder Return (TSR) more clearly.

Example: Imagine you invested in the stock of a company called “TechNova Corp.” Here’s a brief overview of your investment:

• January 1, 2022: You bought the stock at \$100 per share.
• December 31, 2022: The stock price reached \$120 per share.
• During 2022: TechNova Corp. distributed dividends totaling \$5 per share.

We’ll use the TSR formula to calculate the total return on your investment for the year 2022:

TSR = Ending stock price + Dividends received − Beginning stock price / Beginning stock price × 100%

Plugging in the given numbers:

TSR= 120 + 5 − 100 / 100 × 100%
TSR = 25 / 100 × 100%
TSR = 25%

So, for the year 2022, your total return from TechNova Corp., when considering both stock price appreciation and dividends, is 25%.

Analysis: This means if you invested \$1,000 in TechNova Corp. at the start of the year, by the end of the year, your investment would have grown to \$1,250 (excluding any other fees or taxes). This \$1,250 includes the growth in the stock’s value as well as dividends that, in this example, we assume you reinvested in the stock.

The TSR provides a holistic view of the return because it accounts for all avenues through which shareholders receive value. In this example, even if the stock price had stayed the same, a dividend payment would still have provided a positive return to the investor.