Inventory Conversion Period
The inventory conversion period, also known as the inventory period or days inventory outstanding (DIO), is a measure of how long a company takes, on average, to sell its inventory. It is an important indicator of inventory management efficiency and liquidity.
The inventory conversion period is calculated by dividing the average inventory for a certain period by the cost of goods sold (COGS) during that period and multiplying by the number of days in the period.
The formula is as follows:
Inventory Conversion Period = (Average Inventory / COGS) x Number of days in the period
The inventory conversion period is usually calculated annually (using 365 for the number of days in the period) or quarterly (using 90). A lower inventory conversion period is generally better, as it indicates that a company is able to sell its inventory quickly, which can free up cash and reduce the risks associated with holding inventory, such as obsolescence and spoilage. However, a very low inventory conversion period could also indicate that a company is frequently running out of stock, which could lead to lost sales.
Like all financial ratios, the inventory conversion period should be used in conjunction with other measures and should be compared to industry averages and trends over time for the most meaningful analysis.
Example of the Inventory Conversion Period
Suppose there’s a company called FastMove Electronics. Here is some information from their financial statements for the past year:
- Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): $1,825,000
- Beginning inventory: $200,000
- Ending inventory: $300,000
Average Inventory = ($200,000 + $300,000) / 2 = $250,000
Now, we can calculate the Inventory Conversion Period using the given formula:
Inventory Conversion Period = (Average Inventory / COGS) x 365
Inventory Conversion Period = ($250,000 / $1,825,000) x 365 = 50 days
This means that, on average, it took FastMove Electronics 50 days to sell its inventory during the past year.
Comparing this inventory conversion period to previous years or to other companies in the same industry can give FastMove Electronics valuable insights into their inventory management efficiency. For instance, if the inventory conversion period has increased compared to previous years, it could indicate that sales are slowing down or that the company is holding too much inventory. On the other hand, if the inventory conversion period is significantly lower than the industry average, it might suggest that FastMove Electronics is managing its inventory more efficiently than its competitors.