Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization) is a financial metric used to evaluate a company’s operational performance. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by taking the company’s EBITDA and adjusting it for non-operating income, non-cash expenses, and other non-recurring items that may skew the actual operational performance.

These adjustments are made to provide a more accurate representation of the company’s core business operations and to allow for easier comparison between companies or across reporting periods. Adjusted EBITDA is commonly used by investors and analysts to evaluate a company’s ability to generate cash flow, its operational efficiency, and its overall financial health.

To calculate Adjusted EBITDA, start with the company’s net income and then add back interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, and any non-operating or non-recurring items that were deducted from the net income. Some of these items may include stock-based compensation, restructuring costs, impairment charges, or gains/losses from the sale of assets.

## Example of an Adjusted EBITDA

Let’s consider a hypothetical company, ABC Corp, and calculate its Adjusted EBITDA. The financial data for ABC Corp is as follows:

• Net Income: \$500,000
• Interest Expense: \$100,000
• Income Tax Expense: \$150,000
• Depreciation Expense: \$200,000
• Amortization Expense: \$50,000
• Stock-Based Compensation: \$25,000
• One-Time Restructuring Costs: \$75,000

To calculate the Adjusted EBITDA, we will first calculate the EBITDA by adding back interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization expenses to the net income:

EBITDA = Net Income + Interest Expense + Income Tax Expense + Depreciation Expense + Amortization Expense EBITDA = \$500,000 + \$100,000 + \$150,000 + \$200,000 + \$50,000 = \$1,000,000

Now, we will adjust the EBITDA for the non-operating and non-recurring items:

Adjusted EBITDA = EBITDA + Stock-Based Compensation + One-Time Restructuring Costs Adjusted EBITDA = \$1,000,000 + \$25,000 + \$75,000 = \$1,100,000

So, the Adjusted EBITDA for ABC Corp is \$1,100,000. This figure represents the company’s core operational performance and helps investors and analysts to better evaluate its financial health and efficiency.